Supporting a child’s motor skills has been shown to have effects on cognitive processed and executive functions. This issue is addressed to a much greater extent in foreign scientific literature then 'Czech waters'. At the same time, during a deeper examination of the given problematics, it would be possible to support cognitive functions by targeted interventions inth child’s motor skills and at least partially eliminate possible handicaps in the given area. An interesting topic is the relationship between the level of motor skills and the level of self-concept of the child, especially in the aspects of perceptions of one’s own body, intellect, feeling of happiness, popularity in the school group and anxiety. The authors team dealt with the self-concept, among other things because it turns out (among other important determinants) to be currently a very serious paradigm in relation to school, ane later academic and life success. The text also partly deals with the issue of the level of motor skills of children from the intact population and children from the intact population and children with mild mental disabilities. The results are interesting and offer a number of ideas for in-depth research by experts from the ranks of kinantropologists, psychologists and educators.