The publication was writtten as a response to various changes that the current family is experienced. They relate to the socio-demography, parent role challanges, the parent status, the educational styles, the educational goals, etc. The aim of this publication is to provide, in a concentrated form, the most important information about what we can meet in the raising children and how they influence the parenting. The publication is presented as a set of essays by which the author does not try to close the problem, but the contrary, he tries to open a scientific discussion about the topics that seem to be significant. The content of the essays relates to how we can establish a close relationship with the child, how we can raise he/she responsibly, but also what evil we can commit.